Big economic damages which reach always new record values originate from the dishonest imitation of products, components and design. The negative effects of technology theft and product piracy are a serious menace. The manufacturers lose shares of the market and suffer image damages. Consumers use (unconsciously) inferior products whose security, functional ability and reliability stands in question. Even national economies are weakened, in the end, by investment decline, job dismantling and tax failures.
Embedded systems are a component of many modern capital goods and consumer goods. If no preventive protection technology is used, attacks on hardware and software in embedded systems are possible. The attack-scope ranges from specific modifications up to entire reverse engineering and product piracy. By suitable measures in the electronics and software it is possible to thwart such attacks.